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국제계약
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‘ 국제계약 ' 에 대한 네이버 백과사전 검색 결과를 보면 아래와 같이 되어 있습니다 .
“ 국제거래에는 민간 차원의 상품의 수출입 이외에도 특허 · 노하우 (know-how) 및 상표 등의 이전거래 , 직접 또는 합작 투자거래 , 금융 자본거래 등이 있으며 , 정부 차원의 상품 · 자본 · 기술 등의 거래도 있다 . 국제거래에는 상관행 ( 商慣行 ) · 법적 규제 · 용어에 대한 해석이 국내의 경우와 달라 , 거래 전에 반드시 성문계약서를 작성 · 교환해서 후일 있을 수 있는 분쟁발생에 대비해야 한다 . 국제계약을 유형별로 대별하면 판매조건 (General Terms and Conditions of Sales Contract), 해외대리점에 관한 대리점계약 (Agency Agreement), 기술지원 · 특허 및 라이센스에 관한 기술이전계약 (Technical Collaboration Agreement), 외국 파트너와의 합작투자계약 (Joint-Venture Agreement), 플랜트와 기술활동인 엔지니어링에 관한 플랜트 · 엔지니어링 계약 (Plant-Engineering Agreement) 등이 주로 많다 . 한국의 ‘ 독점규제 및 공정거래에 관한 법률 '(32~34 조 ) 은 부당한 국제계약의 체결에 관해서는 규제를 가하고 있다 .”
1. Mutual Assent - Offer and Acceptance
Revocation
Rejection
Counter Offer vs Qualified Acceptance
Acceptance
2. Certainty of Terms
Missing Terms - UCC
Quantity may not be left out
UCC implies warranty of title, merchantability, fitness
3. Consideration
Bargain - Promisee suffers legal detriment.
Detriment was bargained for by Promissor.
Promissor receives bargained for benefit.
Adequacy/Sufficiency
Promissory Estoppel - No Bargain but OK
4. Statute of Frauds
Land, Goods($500+), Over 1-Year
Writing - Parties, Subjects, Terms, Signatures
5. Parole Evidence Rule
6. Fraud, Duress, Undue Influence
7. Illegality - Void
8. Capacity
9. Mistake and Ambiguity
10. Conditions
11. Discharge
Mutual Rescission, Accord and Satisfaction, Novation,
Anticipatory Repudiation, Prospective Inability to Perform,
Impossibility/Impracticable, Frustration of Purpose,
Occurrence of Condition Subsequent, +others
12. Modification
ㆍSales ( Sale of Goods/Services) Agreement
ㆍPurchase Agreement, Purchase and Sale Agreement
ㆍManufacturing Agreement
ㆍSupply Agreement
ㆍDistribution Agreement
ㆍFranchise Agreement
ㆍLicense Agreement, Technology Transfer Agreement
ㆍConfidentiality Agreement (Non-disclosure Agreement)
ㆍConstruction Agreement
ㆍProfessional Service Agreement
ㆍEngineering Agreement, Development Agreement
ㆍResearch Agreement,
ㆍResearch Cooperation Agreement, Research Collaboration Agreement
ㆍJoint Venture Agreement
ㆍStrategic Alliance Agreement
ㆍMemorandum of Understanding
ㆍLetter of Intent
ㆍAssignment Agreement
ㆍAgency Agreement
ㆍPartnership Agreement
ㆍInvestment Agreement
ㆍLoan Agreement
ㆍCredit Agreement
ㆍSecurity Agreement
ㆍTrust Agreement
ㆍEmployment Agreement
ㆍSettlement and Release
ㆍPower of Attorney
ㆍDeed of Trust
ㆍ(Subject Matter) Agreement